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IDF uses live-fire zones to expel Palestinians from areas of West Bank, officer admits

Officer tells Knesset committee method used to reduce illegal construction, Palestinian population in Area C; Habayit Hayehudi MK urges crack-down on international groups who assist construction.
By Amira Hass    | May 21, 2014 | 8:58 AM |

The Palestinian community of Um al Heir, South Hebron Hills, West Bank. Photo by Mairav Zonszein

Military training in live-fire zones in the West Bank is used as a way of reducing the number of Palestinians living nearby, and serves as an important part of the campaign against Palestinian illegal construction, an army officer revealed at a recent Knesset committee meeting.

Col. Einav Shalev, operations officer of Central Command, was addressing a subcommittee of the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee, which discussed “illegal Palestinian construction in Area C” of the West Bank, and ways of expelling Palestinian residents from areas such as E1, the Jordan Valley and Susya, south of Hebron.

He told those at the meeting that the goal of preventing illegal construction is one of the main reasons the Israel Defense Forces has recently increased its training in the Jordan Valley.

MKs Mordechai Yogev and Orit Strock (Habayit Hayehudi), the only committee members in the meeting, and some other attendees complained that the Civil Administration and the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories were not doing enough to stop what they said was the spread of illegal Palestinian construction.
They mentioned the involvement of international organizations and foreign countries in supporting such building. “They are inciting the Arabs and others to chaos,” said Yogev, demanding that Israel take strong steps against them.

Yogev, chairman of the panel, said its next meeting would focus on the international organizations.

Tomer Appelbaum

Brig. Gen. Yoav Mordechai.Photo by Tomer Appelbaum 

IDF Gen. Yoav Mordechai, coordinator of government activities in the territories, was invited to the meeting, which took place April 27. He said his bureau complains immediately to the embassies of countries whose organizations are involved in illegal construction. “From our perspective, it’s not important who finances illegal construction,” he said. “In the past three months, the appropriate embassy has received a letter within an hour of an organization being caught building illegally.”

Palestinians try to retrieve items from the rubble of a house after it was destroyed by IDF tractors clearing the area near Hebron they have designated as their firing zone. in 2011. 2011 photo credit by Najeh Hashlamoun/Flash90.

Mordechai complimented Regavim, an NGO that challenges Arab use of land on either side of the Green Line and that was represented at the meeting, for doing what he said was important work. But he rejected accusations of laxity in preventing illegal Palestinian building. In answer to participants in the meeting, who included Ma’aleh Adumim Mayor Benny Kashriel, that the E1 area was being abandoned, Mordechai said enforcement and monitoring activities in E1 and along the Jerusalem-Jericho road were a priority.
Thus, he said, the Civil Administration was focused on the removal of Bedouin from the area and their concentration in permanent settlements. Mordechai stressed it was the Civil Administration’s job to enforce the law on Israelis as well as others. He presented 2013 data on building demolitions, both Palestinian and Israeli, which he said proved the wide range of enforcement. For instance, he said the Civil Administration had confiscated 217 kilometers of irrigation pipes and destroyed seven rainwater collection ponds.

Closed military areas
Some 18 percent of the West Bank is defined as closed military areas designated for military training, while Area A, which is under Palestinian civil and policing authority, is 17.7 percent of the area of the West Bank. Israeli settlements, unlike the veteran Palestinian villages, are not included in the firing zones, and the residents of outposts that have expanded into firing zones are not removed.

Some 6,200 Palestinians in 38 communities live in live-fire areas, making a living from livestock and agriculture. Most of the communities have been in existence since long before Israel conquered the West Bank in 1967, and certainly before the areas were designated live-fire zones.

Shalev said that "in places where we significantly reduced the amount of training, weeds have grown," referring to Palestinian communities. "This is somethign that should be taken into consideration," he said. 

Referring to the IDF’s policy of confiscating humanitarian equipment before it got to its destination, Shalev said this serves as "a punch in the right places. When you confiscate 10 large, white and expensive tents, it’s not easy. It’s not simple to recover.” Because of the confiscation policy, the Red Cross had decided to stop providing tents to shepherd communities whose huts and barns were destroyed by the Civil Administration, he noted.
The European Community and international aid organizations have devoted much of their humanitarian and diplomatic activities to Area C in recent years. As they see it, the Israeli veto on connecting communities to water, electricity and transportation infrastructure is contrary to Israel’s obligations as an occupier. They describe Israel’s plans to relocate the Bedouin to permanent communities and destroy various villages in the south of the West Bank as transfer and forced removal, which are illegal under international law.

The Europeans are also concerned that actions that effectively annex Area C areas to Israel close the door on the two-state solution. Several international organizations, funded by Europe, are helping Palestinians in Area C dig pools for the collection of rainwater, erect latrines, establish solar power facilities and swap their tents and huts for caravans. According to the Civil Administration, those are illegal structures.

Yogev distinguished between humanitarian activities by international organizations that assist Israel and others. “There are those that are only involved in humanitarian activities … there are those who distribute food and other things in places where there is poverty, and when they undertake such activities they in fact assist the Civil Administration, the Coordinator of Activities and the State of Israel.”

He suggested focusing on “those who break international law, come here into our space and cause chaos … as emissaries of anti-Israel interests in order to take control of state land or other things. The Civil Administration and Coordinator of Activities should stop cooperating with them. … An Arab doesn’t have the money for a bed, but they come and give him a “caravilla” costing 150,000 to 200,000 shekels (about $43,000 to $52,000) and they do it only as emissaries of those who want to incite.”

David Perl, head of the Gush Etzion regional council, said: “What we need is a new command spirit, similar to what has happened under your command… Bring 100 inspectors who will work daily and throw out all that needs to be thrown out, without going to the supreme court or injunctions.”

Yogev said: “I have raised the issue of regulation (the concentration of Bedouin in several permanent locations against their will) to the top of the order of priorities, because there is a difference between an Arab who has a house in Yatta or Tubas and should be kicked back to there and an Arab who, if you throw him out he will go to the closest wadi.”

Danny Tirze, chairman of Kfar Adumim, chairman of the Gush Adumim settlement association and the person who planned the original course of the separation wall (which has since changed in various places due to court applications regarding over-zealous land grabs without apparent security justification,) said: The public as a whole (referring to the settlers who he represents - A.H.) is left speechless in the face of our lack of answers for the solution of a small problem which is clear to all – the national importance of ensuring that this place remains ours. “

Mordechai said that, at the instruction of the attorney general, the Civil Administration is preparing a unit that will deal on a criminal basis with illegal construction by both Palestinians and Israelis. He rejected Strock’s claim that the unit would target Israelis only. Strock asked: “Do you verify that the Bedouin are actually Bedouin and not just Arabs? I don’t understand how you got to such astronomical figures for the Bedouin.”

Mordechai replied that “the Bedouin doesn’t announce that he’s Bedouin and for that reason he’s Bedouin. By the way, all the rest are not just Arabs; they’re Palestinians living in part of the area pf Judea and Samaria.” Strock replied: “I call them just Arabs.” Mordechai said that the Civil Administration is mapping all the Bedouin tribes very precisely and “therefore there is no problem if there is a certain overlap of city folk who become Bedouin.”

Nitzan Horowitz, a member of the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee, told Haaretz, "It’s unacceptable that they hold a hearing on illegal Palestinian construction without inviting any Palestinians or organizations that don’t belong to the settlers. It was a meeting of the settler committee, which is out of order and distorts the discussion.”

Meretz MK Nitzan Horowitz protests that a Knesset commitee on illegal construction(i.e.virtually all of it) took no evidence from any Palestinians or their organisations)

Horowitz, who expressed shock and dismay at what he said were denigrating and racist references to Palestinians, knew of the meeting but was participating in another committee meeting at the same time. “If Israel would allow the Palestinians to build in a regulated manner, to trade and do business in Area C, which is a majority of the West Bank, and not suffocate them, I assume that there wouldn’t be so much illegal construction.” He said that he had heard clearly from Israeli security sources that commerce is a stabilizing factor “so the prevention of building and commercial activities is a folly, even in their eyes.”

Also participating in the meeting were representatives of the Israel Police, the Interior Ministry, the Foreign Ministry, the Prosecutor’s Office and the Housing and Construction Ministry.


Firing zones: from Ecumenical Accompaniers, In a Hot and Thin Place

The issue is that rather large portions of the Jordan Valley are designated military firing zones.  As you drive through the valley, you see these cement pillars along the roads warning people that the land has military purposes.  

[This] is land that was previously in the hands and in the control of local Palestinians, who had been on the land for generations.  And it doesn’t matter that they can produce land titles from the time of the Ottoman Empire.  In a military occupation such deeds mean squat!  And they get treated like squatters!

Then, suddenly, those pieces of land — particularly if they are near an Israeli settlement — can over night become property for settlers to develop.  

It’s a common pattern: Take the land for so-called military purposes.  Use it for military purposes, or just hold it under the oversight of the army.  Dismiss all protests and legal challenges.  If necessary flex the muscle of the army to enforce the designation. And then — seemingly out of the blue — turn it over to settlers!

Notes and links
Over 56 percent of the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea area is now designated as a closed military area, primarily firing zones. Israel’s ‘security needs’ dominate the eastern side of Palestinian territory which is largely inhabited by Bedouin families.

The humanitarian impact of  Israeli-declared “firing zones” in the West Bank, pdf, OCHA fact sheet, August 2012

EU denounces Israel’s destruction of aid projects in West Bank, Electronic Intifada, May 2012
MKs who can’t bear to hear the truth

The crude voices of the expulsion committee
Common goal of participants in Knesset sub-committee meeting was to clear the Palestinians out of most of Area C, which is forbidden by international law.
Haaretz Editorial    | May 22, 2014 | 3:43 AM |  10

By Tali Heruti-Sover    | May 14, 2014 | 9:39 AM

The Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee’s subcommittee on Judea and Samaria has spent several months debating illegal Palestinian construction in Area C of the West Bank, which is under full Israeli control. The minutes of a closed meeting of this panel on April 27 (disclosed by Amira Hass in yesterday’s Haaretz) reveal the blunt language used by some attendees. This includes mention of “throw[ing] out” and “kick[ing] back” the Palestinians, references to Palestinian communities as “weeds” and to foreign states and international organizations that “incit[e] the Arabs,” and “I don’t understand how you got to such astronomical figures for the Bedouin.”

Scores of EU-funded projects in the West Bank have been destroyed by the IDF, all part of the drive to force Palestinians- and outside well-wishers – out of the area. Photo by Mamoun Wazwaz / APA images

The language matched the substance of the meeting: MKs Moyi Yogev and Orit Strock of Habayit Hayehudi, the only two committee members who showed up, along with representatives of the settlers, complained about what they saw as the helplessness and neglect of the authorities which enabled Palestinians to remain in areas where they had lived before 1967.

Responding to the complaints and demands were the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories, Maj. Gen. Yoav Mordechai, and representatives of the Israel Defense Forces, the Israel Police and the ministries of justice, the interior and foreign affairs. Mordechai argued with some of the participants’ assumptions, stressing that the law must also be enforced against settlers in the West Bank, but there’s no way of knowing, at least from the minutes, whether Mordechai or the other government representatives protested the crude and racist remarks.

By contrast, the minutes do show that those attending agree on a common goal: to clear the Palestinians out of most of Area C and force them into the enclaves of areas A and B. Several past and current methods of achieving this were discussed. These included designating areas as live-fire zones and conducting military exercises in them; declaring public Palestinian land as Israeli state land and allocating it solely to Jews; designating land as in the process of being surveyed and therefore of uncertain status, and then permitting settlers to use it; restricting or rejecting Palestinian master plans; refusing to connect communities to water or electricity; destroying wells and the forced evacuation of Bedouin, who are resettled in crowded towns.

Removing the Palestinian population from Area C is forbidden by international law, as the European Union has repeatedly declared. It’s no surprise that the two committee members in attendance demanded that Israel get tough with international organizations that help Palestinians remain on their lands. What is surprising is that opposition MKs on the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee are ignoring this subcommittee. Their presence will not change the position of Habayit Hayehudi, but they can at least make it clear to government officials that there are other parts of the Israeli public that understand that expulsions from and annexations of Area C will scuttle any prospects for peace.

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